The Sphingidae family comprises more than 1,400 species in some 200 genera within three subfamilies (Macroglossinae, Smerinthinae and Sphinginae). The ancestral distributions for these subfamilies have been strongly implied as Old World suggesting an Old World origin for the Sphingidae as a whole.
Kawahara, A.Y., Mignault, A.A., Regier, J.C., Kitching, I.J. and Mitter, C. (2009). Phylogeny and biogeography of Hawkmoths (Lepidoptera: Sphingidae): Evidence from five nuclear genes. PLoS One 4 (5), 1-11.
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